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The Scheme is introduced with the object of enabling resolution of complaints relating to certain services rendered by banks and to facilitate the satisfaction or settlement of such complaints.
1. SHORT TITLE, COMMENCEMENT, EXTENT AND APPLICATION
(1) This Scheme may be called the Banking Ombudsman Scheme, 2006.
(2) It shall come into force on such date as the Reserve Bank may specify.
(3) It shall extend to the whole of India.
(4) The Scheme shall apply to the business in India of a bank as defined under the Scheme.
2. SUSPENSION OF THE SHCEME
(1) The Reserve Bank, if it is satisfied that it is expedient so to do, may be order suspend for such period as may be specified in the order, the operation of all or any of the provisions of the Scheme, either generally or in relation to any specified bank.
(2) The Reserve Bank may, by order extend from time to time, the period of any suspension ordered as aforesaid by such period, as it thinks fit.
(1) ‘Award’ means an award passed by the Banking Ombudsman in accordance with the Scheme.
(2) ‘Appellate Authority’ means the Deputy Governor in charge of the Department of the Reserve Bank implementing the Scheme.
(3) ‘authorised representative’ means a person duly appointed and authorised by a complainant to act on his behalf and represent him in the proceedings under the Scheme before a Banking Ombudsman for consideration of his complaint.
(4) ‘Banking Ombudsman’ means any person appointed under Clause 4 of the Scheme.
(5) ‘bank’ means a ‘banking company’, a ‘corresponding new bank’, a ‘Regional Rural bank’, State Bank of India’ a ‘Subsidiary Bank’ as defined in Section 5 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (Act 10 of 1949), or a ‘Primary Co-operative Bank’ as defined in clause (c) of Section 56 of that Act and included in the Second Schedule of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 (Act 2 of 1934), having a place of business in India, whether such bank is incorporated in India or outside India.
(6) ‘complaint’ means a representation in writing or through electronic means containing a grievance alleging deficiency in banking service as mention in clause 8 of the Scheme.
(7) ‘Reserve Bank’ means the Reserve Bank of India constituted by Section 3 of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 (2 of 1934).
(8) ‘the scheme’ means the Banking Ombudsman Scheme, 2006.
(9) ‘secretariat’ means the office constituted as per sub-clause (1) of clause 6 of the Scheme.
(10) ‘settlement’ means an agreement reached by the parties either by conciliation or mediation under clause 11 of the Scheme.
ESTABLISHMENT OF OFFICE OF BANKING OMBUDSMAN
4. APPOINTMENT & TENURE
(1) The Reserve Bank may appoint one or more of its officers in the rank of Chief General Manager or General Manager to be known as Banking Ombudsmen to carry out the functions entrusted to them by or under the Scheme.
(2) The appointment of Banking Ombudsman under the above Clause may be made for a period not exceeding three years at a time.
5. LOCATION OF OFFICE AND TEMPORARY HEADQUARTERS
(1) The office of the Banking Ombudsman shall be located at such places as may be specified by the Reserve Bank.
(2) In order to expedite disposal of complaints, the Banking Ombudsman may hold sittings at such places within his area of jurisdiction as may be considered necessary and proper by him in respect of a complaint or reference before him.
(1) The Reserve Bank shall depute such number of its officers or other staff to the office of the Banking Ombudsman as is considered necessary to function as the secretariat of the Banking Ombudsman.
(2) The cost of the Secretariat shall be borne by the Reserve Bank.
JURISDICTION, POWERS AND DUTIES OF BANKING OMBUDSMAN
7. POWERS AND JURISDICTION
(1) The Reserve Bank shall specify the territorial limits to which the authority of each Banking Ombudsman appointed under Clause 4 of the Scheme shall extend.
(2) The Banking Ombudsman shall receive and consider complaints relating to the deficiencies in banking or other services filed on the grounds mentioned in clause 8 and facilitate their satisfaction or settlement by agreement or through conciliation and mediation between the bank concerned and the aggrieved parties or by passing an Award in accordance with the Scheme.
(3) The Banking Ombudsman shall exercise general powers of superintendence and control over his Office and shall be responsible for the conduct of business thereat.
(4) The Office of the Banking Ombudsman shall draw up an annual budget for itself in consultation with Reserve Bank and shall exercise the powers of expenditure with the approved budget on the lines of Reserve Bank of India Expenditure Rules, 2005.
(5) The Banking Ombudsman shall send to the Governor, Reserve Bank, a report, as on 30th June every year, containing a general review of the activities of his Office during the preceding financial year and shall furnish such other information as the Reserve Bank may direct and the Reserve Bank may, if it considers necessary in the public interest so to do, publish the report and the information received from the Banking Ombudsman in such consolidated form or otherwise as it deems fit.
8. GROUNDS OF COMPLAINT
(1) A complaint on any one of the following grounds alleging deficiency in banking or other services may be filed with the Banking Ombudsman having jurisdiction :
(2) A complaint on any one of the following grounds alleging deficiency in banking service in respect of loans and advances may be filed with the Banking Ombudsman having jurisdiction:
(3) The Banking Ombudsman may also deal with such other matter as may be specified by the Reserve Bank from time to time in this behalf.
9. PROCEDURE FOR FILING COMPLAINT
(1) Any person who has a grievance against a bank on any one or more of the grounds mentioned in Clause 8 of the Scheme may, himself or through his authorised representative (other than an advocate), make a complaint to the Banking Ombudsman within whose jurisdiction the branch or office of the bank complained against is located.
Provided that a complaint arising out of the operations of credit cards, shall be filed before the Banking Ombudsman within whose territorial jurisdiction the billing address of the card holder is located and not the place where the bank concerned or the credit card processing unit is located.
(2) (a) The complaint in writing shall be duly signed by the complainant or his authorised representative and shall be, as far as possible, in the form specified in Annexure ’A’ or as near as thereto as circumstances admit, stating clearly :
(b) The complainant shall file alongwith the complaint, copies of the documents, if any, which he proposes to rely upon and a declaration that the complaint is maintainable under sub-clause (3) of this clause.
(c) A complaint made through electronic means shall also be accepted by the Banking Ombudsman and a print out of such complaint shall be taken on the record of the Banking Ombudsman.
(d) The Banking Ombudsman shall also entertain complaints covered by this Scheme received by Central Government or Reserve Bank and forwarded to him for disposal.
(3) No complaint to the Banking Ombudsman shall lie unless :-
(a) the complainant had, before making a complaint to the Banking Ombudsman, made a written representation to the bank and the bank had rejected the complaint or the complainant had not received any reply within a period of one month after the bank received his representation or the complainant is not satisfied with the reply given to him by the bank :
(b) the complaint is made not later than one year after the complainant has received the reply of the bank to his representation or, where no reply is received, not later than one year and one month after the date of the representation to the bank;
(c) the complaint is not in respect of the same subject matter which was settled or dealt with on merits by the Banking Ombudsman in any previous proceedings whether or not received from the same complainant or alongwith one or more complainants or one or more of the parties concerned with the subject matter;
(d) the complaint does not pertain to the same subject matter, for which any proceedings before any court, tribunal or arbitrator or any other forum is pending or a decree or Award or order has been passed by any such court, tribunal, arbitrator or forum;
(e) the complaint is not frivolous or vexatious in nature; and
(f) the complaint is made before the expiry of the period of limitation prescribed under the Indian Limitation Act, 1963 for such claims.
10. POWER TO CALL FOR INFORMATION
(1) For the purpose of carrying out his duties under this Scheme, a Banking Ombudsman may require the bank against whom the complaint is made or any other bank concerned with the complaint to provide any information or furnish certified copies of any document relating to the complaint which is or is alleged to be in its possession.
Provided that in the event of the failure of a bank to comply with the requisition without sufficient cause, the Banking Ombudsman may, if he deems fit, draw the inference that the information if provided or copies if furnished would be unfavourable to the bank.
(2) The Banking Ombudsman shall maintain confidentiality of any information or document that may come into his knowledge or possession in the course of discharging his duties and shall not disclose such information or document to any person except with the consent of the person furnishing such information or document.
Provided that nothing in this clause shall prevent the Banking Ombudsman from disclosing information or document furnished by a party in a complaint to the other party or parties to the extent considered by him to be reasonably required to comply with any legal requirement of the principles of natural justice and fair play in the proceedings.
11. SETTLEMENT OF COMPLAINT BY AGREEMENT
(1) As soon as it may be practicable to do, the Banking Ombudsman shall send a copy of the complaint to the branch or office of the bank named in the complaint, under advice to the nodal officer referred to in sub-clause (3) of clause 15, and endeavour to promote a settlement of the complaint by agreement between the complainant and the bank through conciliation or mediation.
(2) For the purpose of promoting a settlement of the complaint, the Banking Ombudsman may follow such procedure as he may consider just and proper and he shall not be bound by any rules of evidence.
(3) The proceedings before the Banking Ombudsman shall be summary in nature.
12. AWARD BY THE BANKING OMBUDSMAN
(1) If a complaint is not settled by agreement within a period of one month from the date of receipt of the complaint or such further period as the Banking Ombudsman may allow the parties, he may, after affording, the parties a reasonable opportunity to present their case, pass an Award or reject the complaint.
(2) The Banking Ombudsman shall take into account the evidence placed before him by the parties, the principles of banking law and practice, directions, instructions and guidelines issued by the Reserve Bank from time to time and such other factors which in his opinion are relevant to the complaint.
(3) The award shall state briefly the reasons for passing the award.
(4) The Award passed under sub-clause (1) shall specify the amount, if any, to be paid by the bank to the complainant by way of compensation for the loss suffered by him and may contain any direction to the bank.
(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-clause (4), the Banking Ombudsman shall not have the power to pass an award directing payment of an amount which is more than the actual loss suffered by the complainant as a direct consequence of the act of omission or commission of the bank, or ten lakh rupees whichever is lower.
(6) In the case of complaints arising out of credit card operations, the Banking Ombudsman shall, while determining the amount of compensation payable, take into account the loss of the complainant’s time, expenses incurred by the complainant, financial loss, harassment and mental anguish suffered by the complainant.
(7) A copy of the Award shall be sent to the complainant and the bank.
(8) An award shall lapse and be of no effect unless the complainant furnishes to the bank concerned within a period of 30 days from the date of receipt of copy of the Award, a letter of acceptance of the Award in full and final settlement of his claim. Provided that no such acceptance may be furnished by the complainant if he has filed an appeal under sub. clause (1) of clause 14."
(9) The bank shall, unless it has preferred an appeal under sub. clause (1) of clause 14, within one month from the date of receipt by it of the acceptance in writing of the Award by the complainant under sub-clause (8), comply with the Award and intimate compliance to the Banking Ombudsman."
13. REJECTION OF THE COMPLAINT
(1) The Banking Ombudsman may reject a complaint at any stage if it appears to him that the complaint made is;
14. APPEAL BEFORE THE APPELLATE AUTHORITY :
(1) Any person aggrieved by an Award under clause 12 or rejection of a complaint for the reasons referred to in sub. clauses (c) to (g) of clause 13, may within 30 days of the date of receipt of communication of Award or rejection of complaint, prefer an appeal before the Appellate Authority;
Provided that in case of appeal by a bank, the period of thirty days for filing an appeal shall commence from the date on which the bank receives letter of acceptance of Award by complainant under sub. clause (8) of clause 12;
Provided that the Appellate Authority may, if he is satisfied that the applicant had sufficient cause for not making the appeal within time, allow a further period not exceeding 30 days;
Provided further that appeal may be filed by a bank only with the previous sanction of the Chairman or, in his absence, the Managing Director or the Executive Director or the Chief Executive Officer or any other officer of equal rank."
(2) The Appellate Authority shall, after giving the parties a reasonable opportunity of being heard
(3) The order of the Appellate Authority shall have the same effect as the Award passed by banking Ombudsman under clause 12 or the order rejecting the complaint under clause 13, as the case may be.
15. BANKS TO DISPLAY SALIENT FEATURES OF THE SCHEME FOR COMMON KNOWLEDTGE OF PUBLIC.
(1) The banks covered by the Scheme shall ensure that the purpose of the Scheme and the name and address of the Banking Ombudsman to who the complaints are to be made by the aggrieved party are displayed prominently in all the offices and branches of the bank in such manner that a person visiting the office or branch has adequate information of the Scheme.
(2) The banks covered by the Scheme shall ensure that a copy of the Scheme is available with the designated officer of the bank for perusal in the office premises of the bank if anyone desires to do so and notice about the availability of the Scheme with such designated officer shall be displayed along with the notice under sub-clause(1) of this clause.
(3) The banks covered by the Scheme shall appoint Nodal Officers at their Regional/Zonal Offices and inform the respective Office of the Banking Ombudsman under whose jurisdiction the Regional / Zonal Office falls. The Nodal Officer so appointed shall be responsible for representing the bank and furnishing information to the Banking Ombudsman in respect of complaints filed against the bank.
16. REMOVAL OF DIFFICULTIES
If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Scheme, the Reserve Bank may make such provisions no inconsistent with the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 or the Scheme, as it appears to it to be necessary or expedient for removing the difficulty.
17. APPLICATION OF THE BANKING OMBUDSMAN SCHEMES, 1995 AND 2002
The adjudication of pending complaints and execution of the Awards already passed, before coming into force of the Banking Ombudsman Scheme, 2006, shall continue to be governed by the provisions of the respective Banking Ombudsman Schemes and instructions of the Reserve Bank issued thereunder
Click here to download Annexure 'A'
Click here to download Annexure 'B'
List of Nodal Officers/Principal Nodal Officer of the Bank under Ombudsman Scheme